As stated in the previous lessons on stopping on the ends of words, there are five different ways of stopping on the ends of words. The first four have been discussed in the last several lessons and this lesson explains the last way of stopping. Some words can be stopped on more than one way, and some words can only be stopped on one way. The five possible ways of stopping are:
1. (the pure, unmixed sukoon)
2. (giving only 1/3 of a vowel count)-to be discussed later
3. (a dhammah of the two lips, with no sound)-to be discussed later
We will now discuss the last way of stopping on the end of a word.
Stopping with Substitution
There are two cases of stopping with .
The first case consists of the following three types of tanween.
1. The tanween with a fat-h, no matter if the alif is written with it or not, as in:
2. The tanween in all alif maqsoora, no matter what their conjugation, since they are all written with a fat-h. Examples can be found in the following aayaat:
3. Stopping on the utterance of when it has a tanween, as in:
The tanween is changed into an alif in all three of these types. Similar to these is the light emphasized noon in two places in the Qur’an, verse 32 in surah Yousef
and verse 15 in surah Al-'Alaq:
The second case
This case consists of that is at the end of a singular noun, as in:
In this case the تاء is changed into a هاء when stopping. If it has a tanween, an in the tanween is deleted, and the is changed into a , and the word is stopped with .