The Adhering and the Separating and
This tidbit is a continuation of the explanation of the five sets of “pairs” that each letter has one each of. The previous lessons are now located in the tidbit archives.
is defined linguistically as: Adhering.
The applied tajweed definition of is: The compression of the sound of the letter between the tongue and the roof of the mouth.
The letters that have the characteristic of are: .
Imam Al-Jazaree said in his poem “al-Muqaddimah”: .
One thing that is important to note is that all of the letters of are also of group, and therefore all have tafkheem.
The and have or adhesion of the tongue in the posterior portion of the tongue in the soft palate area while pronouncing either of the letters.
A far greater portion of the tongue adheres to the roof of the mouth when pronouncing the two letters: and . The adhesion in these two letters starts at the articulation point and continues backwards in the mouth to the soft palate area.
is defined linguistically as: Separation.
In applied tajweed, is defined as: The absence of compression of the sound of the letter of between the tongue and the roof of the mouth.
The letters of are the remaining letters in the Arabic alphabet after the four letters () of are removed.