Search:     Advanced search
Browse by category:
Contact Us

We know idghaam is divided into two categories one with a ghunna (letters ya.nun meem wow)and then 2 with out a ghunna... (letters ra and laam), then again is idghham further divided in to 2 groups idghaam naaqis and idghaam kaamil ?

Views: 12613
Votes: 7
Assalaamu 'alaykum,

I wanted to ask about idghaam .. we know idghaam is divided into two categories 1 with a gunna (letters ya.nun meem wow)and then 2 with out a gunna..( letters ra laam ) then again is idghham further divided in to 2 groups idghaam naaqis and idghaam kaamil ?


Wa Alaikum Assalam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh,
Yes it is correct that idghaam is divided in two categories: 1. Idghaam with ghunnah which have the letters () and 2. Idghaam without ghunnah (, and ).
  ( idghaam kaamil) and (idghaam naaqis)  refer to the complete or incomplete merging o f the saakin letter into the letter causing the idghaam.  In the case of the noon saakinah and tanween, these terms are applied when the noon saakinah or tanween merge into one of the letters in the group  .  This should not be confused or linked with  idghaam with a ghunnah or without a ghunnah.
  (complete merging) is if the noon saakinah or tanween completely merges into the next letter without any trace of the left. This is why it is called "kaamil" in Arabic,  meaning complete merging.  This is found when the noon saakinah or tanween merges with the letters , , , and .

(incomplete merging)  is when the noon saakinah or tanween merges into the next letter, however the ghunnah from the noon saakinah or tanween remains. This is why it is called "naaqis" in Arabic, meaning incomplete merging. The incomplete merging in the noon saakinah and tanween is when they merge into the letters or .

This indication for    (complete merging) in the Medinah Complex printing of the mushaf can be found by the shaddah over the letter being merged into.  If the letter of idghaam which follows the noon sakinaah or tanween has a shaddah then the idghaam will be complete.
In the (incomplete merging) there is no shaddah. 

NOTE: This indicator though does not work with the Indo-Pakistani prints of the copy of the Qur'an, for there is a shaddah found on the and when the noon saakinah or tanween merges into them, even though the merging is incomplete-

Please also see:

Wassalam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah
Others in this Category
document How to pronounce the makhraj?
document The Divine Name Allah - Lafthul Jalaalah: It is read with an alif but there isn't one written in the mus-haf (most of them). Could you explain how this works please?
document Do I have to read the Qur'an in Arabic or can I read it in Urdu?
document In the copy of the Qur'an published in India in Surah al-naas ayah 4, there is a stop sign between al-waswaas and as-khannaas. This is symbolized by the Arabic Letter 'Ha' with a laam-alif on top of it. Could you explain this?
document Should the anterior one third of the tongue rise on the roof of the mouth and touch the gums of the first four sets of teeth for the laam? And where exactly should the tip of the tongue hit? Should it hit the bump on the alveolar ridge or more behind?
document Somebody told me that reciting the Holy Quran without observing the principles of Tajweed was not acceptable, rather it was 'gunah' as many Arabic words have altogether different meanings with slight change in pronunciation which may have been due to lack of knowledge of Tajweed.
document Do I have to read the basmalah after al Fatihah and before ayatoul koursiy during prayer? What does this line of al Jazariyah mean?
document In surat al ikhlas what will be the correct pronunciation; Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad; or; Qul Hu Allaahu Ahad; and please mention reason for that.
document Does the middle of the tongue touch the roof completely with the jeem, sheen, and ya ghair maddiyah, or should there be some space remaining for air to pass?
document Must I close my lip normally or i must open my lip a little for the ikhfa' shafawee?
document Is there an extra elongation of the natural lengthening before madd 'Iwad 'an Tanween (subsitute lengthening)?
document What is the relationship the Muslim should have with the Qur'an during Ramadhan?
document How is the Raa recited in the word "IniR-Tab-tum la nashtaree" in surah Al Maa'ida, Ayah 106?
document A student who has never learnt the Quran before nor knows the letters and is also willing to memorize. What is better?
document Who are the main scholars or Imams of tajweed currently in the world today?
document How many ways/variation are there in the word 'Nabiy-yeen' in all the Qira'aats.
document I recently saw on an Islamic channel that there are 4 circumstances in surah anfal in particular i believe were the term ana as part of a word or its own has to be elongated otherwise the resulting recitation amounts to kufr.
document In Surah Al-A'raaf (196): Innaa waliyyiyAllah... hould I lengthen yi here for two harakats?
document Is it compulsory to continue when "laa" comes between two ayats or two different verses of the Holy Quran?
document How does recite when stopping on a raa mushaddah or laam or seen etc? I have heard there is arule called Nabar.
document Do we make a qalqalah of the letter (ta) in the word far-ratana (Surah- al-Anaam ayat 38)or will the itbaq remain ?