To understand this tidbit lesson, please make sure you have read and understood the two lessons on the mechanism for articulation of letters (lessons 14 and 15 from the top of the archive page), located in the tidbit archive section.
other than the three medd letters which have no vowels are produced by
) of the two components of
the articulating parts Voweled letters on the other hand are produced by
parting of the two components of the articulating parts
Letters of strength (
). The sound does not run at all when these letters are
articulated without a vowel (saakinah), the articulation point is completely
closed when a letter of this group is saakin.
There are eight letters in this group.
They are the letters in the phrase:
stated in the Jazariyyah
, meaning its [letters of] strength are in the phrase .
Letters in Between. (
) These letters are
pronounced with sound running in between the characteristic of imprisonment
and the running of sound in the
The letters of this group are five in number:
3. Letters of softness ( ) These letters have clear and obvious running of the sound when they are articulated without a vowel (saakinah). Examples are in the following three saakin letters that are in the category of : . Each of these three letters in the example should have a running of the sound, longer than saakin letters of the other two groups The letters of this group are all the letters remaining when taking out the letters of and .
letters of qalqalah are in the group
letters are all in the
group of letters. If we attempt to
say one of these five qalqalah letters with a sukoon, we would find that the
articulation point closes completely, and that it causes an annoyance in the
articulation mechanism. This is
due to imprisonment of the sound behind the articulation point. When these
same five letters have vowels, we do not find this annoyance because voweled
letters are pronounced parting of the two components of the articulating
voweled letters and non-voweled letters
this chart we can see that a qalqalah
letter is similar to a saakin
letter, in that there is no accompanying jaw and mouth movement with it.
On the other hand, it is unlike the saakin letter in that the qalqalah
is articulated by
The definition of qalqalah is as follows:
Its linguistic definition: shaking, disturbance
Its applied definition: Disturbance of the letter when it is in the state of being non-voweled until a strong accent is heard when it is articulated by parting of the two components of the articulating parts, not by collision, without accompanying it any opening of the mouth, or circling of the lips, or lowering of the jaw.
very important note: The qalqalah does not resemble
a fat-h or a dhammah
or a kasrah. It
does not follow the vowel of the preceding letter, nor the following letter.
the qalqalah letters have a shaddah
indicating merging of two of
the same letter (
the first letter of the shaddah (which is saakin) is then articulated by
. For example:
If we are stopping on the first word in the previous example, the
of the word
pronounced by collision, or
, and the second
recited with a qalqalah. This
means that the qalqalah
is pronounced with
without any accompanying mouth and jaw movement.
be the same as the
Qalqalah is divided into two classes: The Lesser and Greater Qalqalah
occurs when the qalqalah
in is the middle of a word, or at the end of a word, and we are not
stopping on that word. In this case we say the qalqalah, and immediately
proceed to the next letter, or word. i.e.
happens when the qalqalah is
the last letter of a word, and we are stopping on that word.
difference between the two divisions is that there is more of a ring to the greater
because we are stopping on it, than there is on the lesser qalqalah.