Please refer to baab hamzatayn min kalimatayn (Warsh). Warsh has two ways of reading the hamza's if they have..


Two Questions : Please refer to baab hamzatayn min kalimatayn (Warsh).  

Warsh has two ways of reading the hamza's if they have agreeable vowels:

1) Tas-heel of the first hamzah and tahqeeq of the second hamza

    QUESTION 01 Why do some say tas-heel of the second and tahqeeq of the first?

2)  Ibdal of the second hamza to the corresponding madd letter (making a complete madd).  If a sukoon follows then Warsh read madd (tool). 

If no sukoon follows then Warsh reads madd (qasr).

I have read that Warsh can also make ibdal of teh second hamza; example (ie ien kuntum) to (ie yien kuntum) without making a complete madd.

    QUESTION 02  Is this correct and is this also part of tariq Shatibiyya?



Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

When there are two hamzahs with the same kind of vowels juxtaposed in writing, one being the last letter of a word and the second being the first letter of the next following word hamzah, Warsh changes the second hamzah, not the first.  Those who say Warsh has   of the second hamzah and of the first hamzah are correct, as one of the two allowed ways for Warsh.  Other ways of reading, such as the reading of  Qaloon and Abu ‘Amr Al-Basree, and Al-Bazee, change the first hamzah of the two juxtaposed vowels when the two hamzah have the same exact vowels.

Warsh has then two ways of reading two hamzahs with the same exact vowels meeting between two words:

1.  of the second hamzah.

2. Changing the second hamzah into a medd letter the same as the vowel on the hamzah.  As stated in the question, if a sukoon follows the medd letter, the medd is then read with , or six vowel counts.  If there is no sukoon on the letter that follows the hamzah changed into a medd letter, it is read with two vowel counts.

Imam Ash-Shatibiyy said the following about the recitation of Warsh when there are two hamzahs between two words and they agree in vowel type:

And the second [hamzah] as a medd [meaning tasheel] for Warsh and Qunbul

And it is said a pure medd from it is exchanged


There are only certain word combinations in which the reading of Warsh has the third option of substituting a with a kasrah for the second hamzah.  The special words are outlined in Ash-Shatibiyyah:


The word combinations then when the third option is possible ( with a kasrah in place of second hamzah) are  as found in the aayah: (Al-Baqarah 31)  , and the

 combination of  which only occurs in the aayah:  (An-Nur 33) 


Yes, these are parts of tareeq Ash-Shatibiyyah for the recitation of Warsh.

Wa assalaam alaikum wa rahmatullah.