Assalamu Alaykum Respected Teachers,
I have questions regarding the definition of wajh + pronunciation of 'r'
Question 1 : Definition of wajh
I have heard that the next thing after riwayah is 'tariq' and the next thing after a 'tariq' is a 'wajh'. Can you please explain this providing a few examples of a wajh ?
Question 2 : pronunciation of 'r'
While reciting the word 'Nusarrifu', I pronounced 'r' mushaddad with tarqeeq. But someone claimed that the first 'r' is mufakhaham whereas the second 'r' is muraqaq !? Is this true? Aren't both 'r's' recited with tarqeeq?
Jazakumullahu Khairan for the clarification.
Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
1. The definition of tareeq is: The execution chain in transferring a narration (riwaayah) of the different narrations (riwaayaat)
. A tareeq can contain more than one wajh, for example when we say: tawassit (four vowel counts) of the munfasil (separated lengthening) by the tareeq of Ash-Shaatibiyy.
Al-Wajh (sukoon on the jeem) is defined as:
A way of execution in tilaawah of the Glorious Qur’an not related to its transmitter.
This is exemplified when we say: qasr al-munfasil (shortening of the separated lengthening to two vowel counts). This is a wajh and more than one tareeq can have this wajh. Another example of a wajh is the wajh of
when reading the word
and its companions.
So, every qira’ah has two rawee. Each riwaayah has different turuq related from the qaree (one of the ten different qarees of the qira'aat) through one of the two rawee down in different chains with differences between the turuq. A wajh is the way of reading a word or a combination of words that is not necessarily exclusive to a particular tareeq.
Of course all of the qira’aat, riwaayaat, and turuq originated from the revelation of Allah to our Messenger, Prophet Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah upon him.
B. The shaddah is made up of a letter pronounced with two different ways of formation, first with a sukoon, then with a vowel. The letter with a shaddah though is not separated into two letters as to characteristics and rules. For example, in the word
, the letter
has a shaddah and is pronounced with two ways of formation, the first with collision of the two parts of articulation with no accompanying vowel movement, and the second
is pronounced by separation of the two parts of articulation with an accompanying circling of the two lips (dhammah). The rules for the
though are not divided into two, one for each letter. There is no qalqalah on the first
, even though it is pronounced as a saakin letter, there is no difference in the tafkheem level of the two parts of the shaddah, etc.
The same thing can be said about the
when it has a shaddah. Although the
with a shaddah is pronounced with two different ways of formation, once with collision of the articulating parts and the other with separation, the
is not divided into two separate letters as to rules. The
is considered as one
, but emphasized with two ways of formation, but the rule applied as to tafkheem and tarqeeq is according to the vowel on the shaddah. In the case of the word
is read with tarqeeq,and we do not consider it as two letters regarding the rules, so both parts of the shaddah are read with tarqeeq.
We appreciate your questions and they show a great deal of striving for knowledge, may Allah increase you in knowledge. May Allah reward you and all Muslims.
We ask that all visitors to the site submit one question at a time, this will help us answer the question quicker and easier.
Wa assalaam alaikum