Are there separate rules for stopping on a word that contains a saakin before the hamzah (such as above or stopping on fil aakhirah) with saktah?

Assalamu alaikum,

Some of the turuq of Hafs an Aasim allow for a saktah on the saakin before the hamzah. What would be the correct way of stopping on the word juz'  for those turuq that allow a saktah here?

Are there separate rules for stopping on a word that contains a saakin before the hamzah (such as above or stopping on fil aakhirah) with saktah?

was salam

Answer

Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatu Allahi wa barakatuh,

There are two tareeq in the turuq of Hafs ‘an ‘Aasim that have a  on a saakin letter that is not a medd letter before a hamzah.  One way, called , has a  on the  saakinah of the  if followed by a hamzah, such as in the word and , on the word in any of its forms (with a fathah, dhammah or kasrah), and between two words, such as: , and .  Again, this does not apply if the saakin letter before the hamzah is a medd letter. 

The other tareeq is called  and in addition to the saktaat described above, it also has a sakt on the saakin letter before a hamzah within a word, such as the word: ,   , or   . 
When the hamzah is the last letter of the word and it is preceded by a sukoon as in the question, such is the word , or , and we are stopping on the word, then there are two possible ways of stopping.  We either stop without the sakt, as it would be impossible to do with a pure sukoon on hamzah and pronounce the hamzah since there would be two saakin letters meeting with a sakt in between, or if the word ends with a fixed or conjugated dhammah or kasrah, we can stop on the word with a sakt after the saakin letter and with  on the hamzah, which is the last letter.  This also holds true for stopping on the word with a kasrah or a dhammah in as well as

In the poem: ,  Ash-Sheikh Abdulziz ‘Uyoon As-Sood said:

And stopping on a hamzah as the last letter  
 
in the sakt the rawm is required as in “dif” [meaning as in stopping on the word

If the conditions for  are not present in a word ending with a hamzah preceded by a saakin, such as: then the only way to stop on the word in this tareeq- - is with a pure sukoon and no .   

Summary: When reading the words with a hamzah as the last letter,  preceded by a sukoon and the conditions for  exist, as in  , there are two allowable ways of stopping on the word when reading in with one of the two tareeq that have sakt on  a saakin before a hamzah : one way with no and a pure sukoon on the hamzah, the other way, with a and stopping with  on the hamzah.  If the conditions for stopping with  on the hamzah do not exist, then we can only stop without the sakt and with a pure sukoon on the hamzah.