I want to know the surah which is called Mother of Quran or is called the mother of book, is it surah Baqara or surah Fatiha?

I have one Question.  I want to know the surah which is called Mother of Quran or is called the mother of book, is it surah Baqara or surah Fatiha?

Answer

Assalaam alaikum,

It is surah Al-Faatihah according to the majority of the scholars. In an authentic Hadith recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who graded it Sahih, Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said, [translation of meaning] “Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-`Alamin is the Mother of the Qur'an, the Mother of the Book, and the seven repeated aayaat of the Glorious Qur'an.”

Wa assalaam