Assalaamu Alaikum Ustaadh-al-kareem,
I was reading your site, talking about the tajweed rules of Warsh..it was very interesting and fascinating to me..... I just memorized the Quraan a year ago (with Hafs). I found out that, every Qari (e.g. 'Aasim,) has 2 students (Raawis), for example, Hafs and Shu'bah (or for Ibn Katheer, Qunbul and Bazzi).
But recently, I also found out that every student (raawi), also has 2 Tareeqs (2 ways)!! So even Hafs that we all read from, has two ways. The reason this triggered me and came to my attention was that when I recite Quraan, I notice that some madds (certain ones), like if the hamza is part of the next word rather than in the word itself . So madds in which the hamza was not part of the word, many Qurraa shorten them while others prolong them.
I was told these were two ways (from Hafs). So they were...Shaatibyy (the more common one I believe), and also Tayyiba.
So, I wanted to ask you (may Allah reward you), that about these 2 ways from one student , is it permissible for one to recite any of them he wishes? Like, I usually read Tayyiba from Hafs, so, are we allowed to read from either, (without having to get special certificates..).
Like if I have a warsh mus-haf (from naafi'), then..(even though on the mushaf all the madds and so on are there, am I allowed to shorten them (because i heard one of the tareeqs from Warsh was different. Most Qurraa of Warsh prolong so many madds (like and and so on..) but some Qaris from Warsh do not! Or like prolonging a dhammah on the plural meem in and so on... some qurraa do not *though they are reading Warsh.
So my question is, can I read in that way (of course provided that I am aware and know all the rules concerning it...), am I allowed to read like that (in Salaat).
Also, (i wanted to know), if you could please tell me the names of the 2 ways (tareeqs) from Warsh.
May Allah reward you, and give you the best rewards for your work, in this world and the aakhirah! AbdulBasit K., 14
Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
First of all we want to congratulate you on the completion of the memorization of the Qur’an. May Allah make it firm in your hear and may your actions reflect the meaning of the Qur’an so your manners are of the Qur’an. Ameen. We are especially pleased to read your questions and know from your signature that you are apparently 14 years old! May Allah increase you in knowledge and may your live one lived for the sake of Allah. We also apologize for the delay in answering your question.
Each Qaari’ of the ten qira’aat (or seven) have two narrators (raawee). Of course these Qaa’ri had more than just two narrators that passed down the way that the Qaari’ was an expert in, and thus named after them; but the two strongest and most mastered narrators were chosen by the scholars when they were documenting the different qira’aat.
Imam Ibn Al-Jazaree, in his work An-Nashr fi-l-qira’aat al-‘ashr laid out the sub-ways that were also narrated in authentic chains for the two Rawee of each of the qira’aat. These “sub-ways” are called tareeq in the singular form and turuq in the plural form. There are two or four narrators of these ways, but the ways for each of the tareeq under each of these two or four raawee can be quite numerous. For example, Hafs ‘an ‘Aasim has four narrators and 52 tareeq in tareeq At-Tayyibah. So when one refers to tareeq at-Tayyibah, one has to be more specific, since there are numerous ways and each way has it own rules and specifics. One cannot just decide to read (a medd letter at the end of a word and hamzah as the first letter of the next following word) with two vowel counts without knowing and applying all the rules that go with this. We have laid out the rules for one of these tareeq previously and you can find it here: http://www.abouttajweed.com/The%20Reading%20of%20Hafs%20with%20qasr%20munfasil%20wassit%20muttasil.pdf
Tareeq ash-Shatibiyyah for Hafs is one of the 52 tareeq that are outlined in Tareeq At-Tayyibah. It happens to be the most prevalently read way in the world in this day.
If you are totally aware of all the rules of one of the turuq of At-Tayyibah and apply all of them, plus are aware of how to read words that are read differently, no matter which qira’ah you are reading, then you can read it in Salah because these all have authentic chains and are part of the revelation. A warning though, you must have practiced reading Warsh or any qira’ah that you want to read with a trained, mastered teacher of that way before you read on your own. There are rules that cannot be picked up from the mushaf and must be studied and practiced and approved before you read on your own. The Qur’an is a book passed down orally, and it cannot be learned without reading to and being corrected by a mastered teacher. Even in Tareeq Ash-Shaatibiyyah, the reading of Warsh has different allowed lengths for . It is allowed to lengthen it two (like the rest of the qira’aat read it), four or six vowel counts, but there are rules attached to each lengthening, so you need to study the rules first. The rules for Warsh min tareeq ash-Shatibiyyah can be found here: http://www.abouttajweed.com/lessons_on_warsh_recitation.htm
It is much better for you to study and perfect one way of recitation before going on to learn the different turuq. If you have not already learned and read Warsh min tareeq Ash-Shaatibiyyah to a qualified sheikh, then you should to that first before going on to learn the different turuq. It is not allowed to mix a tareeq with another in rules and words, so we greatly encourage mastering each way before going on to another.
The two tareeq for Warsh are Tareeq Al-Azraq and Tareeq Al-Asbahaanee (with a saad).
May Allah grant you all khair and make you a master of the Qur’an in the different qira’aat.
Wa assalaam alaikum