As salaamu alaikum my brothers in Islam. I have a question pertaining to Arabic grammar and the Holy Quran. In Sura An’aam, when Sayyedena Ibraheem said,’
Falammaa ra ash shamsa baazighatan qaala HADHA rabbee, HADHA akbar’ I would like to know seeing that the word Shams is Feminine, how is HADHA used as compared to HADHIHEE? I am anxiously waiting for your response. Jakallahu Khair
Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
Jazakum Allahu khairan for your question. In aayah 78 of surah Al-‘an’aam, Allah ta’aala says:
Translation of explanation of meaning
When he saw the sun rising in splendour, he said: "This is my Lord; this is the greatest (of all)."
In this aayah, Allah ta’aalaa is telling the story of Ibrahim, with a quote from Ibrahim in the middle of the aayah. Allah ta’laa, tells us Ibrahim saw the sun, and the appropriate feminine noun, is used for the description of the sun as “splendorous.” Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him does not name it as the sun or refer to it as the sun, instead he calls it by a neutral noun, which takes the masculine form in the word “this” . The same can be said about the moon, which is masculine in gender, but not referred to by Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him, other than an object.
Wa iyyaakum wa-l-muslimeen.