I really benefit tremendously from your site. Got bless you all.
Can you please explain exactly when Khalaf and Khallad make sakta according to the tariq shatebeyya and when they make naql. Could you also include imam Shatebi’s poem on this poem or proof for reciting in this way.
Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
The question requires a great deal of explanation and is actually encompasses two lessons in the reading of .
has a without another allowed way on words starting with followed by a hamzah, such as the words: , , and , and the word with any of the three vowels on the end. This is when we are not stopping on any of these words.
has a as one of two possible allowed ways of reading the same above categories of words, the other way being with no , when not stopping.
In addition to this, has on words ending with a sukoon followed by a word beginning with a hamzah, as one of two possible ways of reading these words, the other allowed way is without a . Examples are: ,
Again the rule changes when stopping on a word. Khallad does not have a on a saakin before a word starting with a hamzah (between two words).
The Shaatibiyyah describes this rule, but not in great detail in the following lines:
And from Hamzah when stopping there with one of two allowed ways [referring to ] and he has
It is narrated that Khalaf when continuing has a light sakt.
And he makes sakt on “shay’in” and “shay’an” and some of them
In the “laam” of the definite article from Hamzah recited.
And shay’in and shay’an and he didn’t add to it.
Another scholar wrote the following lines that describe how and when Khalaf and Khallaad read with a :
And shay’in and al () with a sakt Khalaf without
A different [way] and in the separated [words] Khalaf accepts [as one of two allowable ways]
And Khallad with khulf in al and its shay
And nothing in the separated [words] from him occurs.
The reading of has special rules when stopping on a word that has a hamzah in the middle (anywhere but the first letter) or the end. We will not describe this vast chapter here; anyone wishing to learn about this can refer to the Shatibiyyah poem and a book that explains the Shatibiyyah poem. We will describe how and stop on these words that are read with , or are allowed to be read with a as one of two allowable ways of reading.
If there is a word beginning with and followed by a hamzah (as in ) and we are stopping on this word, reads the word with two allowable ways, one way is with of the vowel on the hamzah to the saakinah of the , just as in the reading of Warsh (). The other allowable way of reading one of these words when stopping is with a , just as it is read when continuing.
If we are reading with the allowed but not compulsory , then the same kind of words are read with the two allowable ways described above just as does. If however, we are reading the other allowable way (without a ) on these words (when continuing reading), then when stopping on these words, they are only read with naql.
The word , is not stopped on with a in the reading of and follows the rules in the chapter of Hamzah and Hishaam stopping on a hamzah.
When on reading stops on the two word combinations that have a sukoon on the end of a word and a hamzah as the first letter of the next word (as in ) he stops with , or as two allowable ways when he is reading these words when continuing with a . When reading and if not reading these word combinations with when continuing, these words are stopped on with a (transfer) of the vowel on the hamzah to the sukoon on the last letter on the word before it or , which means the words are read as they are written and the hamzah is not changed. When reading with the way allowing a between two words and stopping on a two word combination with a sukoon on the end of the first word and a hamzah as the first letter of the next word, there is two allowed ways of stopping, that of and .
In the reading of , when stopping on a two word combination that has a sukoon on the end of the first word and a hamzah as the first letter of the next word (as in: ) there are two allowed ways of stopping: One being that of the (transferring the vowel of the hamzah to the saakin before it) and that of meaning each letter is pronounced as written and there is no change in the hamzah.
The lines of the Shatibiyyah for when stopping are:
You are welcome. Wa assalaam alaikum wa rahmatullah.