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4 Questions Concerning Hamzah al Wasl

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Votes: 1

assalamu 3alaikum,

I have a question that i would like to ask Shaikh Ayman R. Swayd. I hope he is a part of this. This is my very first time doing this so forgive me please if i made any mistake. Also, I cant type Arabic so i will do it in English and it might be hard to read, but i hope you can understand it..
Here is the question regarding the hamzah and the alif wasl:
in surah albaqarah ayah 283 ( fal yu2addillathi 2tomina amaanatah)

surah attawbah ayah 49 ( wa minhom mayyaqoolu 2dhan ly wala taftinny)


surah al a7qaaf ayah 4 ( e2toony bikitaabim min qabl..)

1- How do I figure out what tashkeel to put on the alif wasly?

2- How do I find out their original words?

3- If I begin with the words that begin with the alif wasl and the hamzah (ex. e2toony) how do I read it?

4- Can you give that example with the rest of the similar words?


I can read Arabic perfectly but I cant understand the fus7ah that well.
I look forward for your answers inshallah. Wassalaamu 3alaikum wara7matullah.

 

Answer:


Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.

His eminence Ash-Sheikh Dr. Ayman is not part of this site, but we refer to him as a consultant when needed.  We can answer the question for you though, insha’ Allah.

The detailed explanation of the hamzah wasl- a term more commonly used than alif al-wasl can be found in the tajweed tidbit archives:

 http://www.abouttajweed.com/the_hamzah_al-wasl_lessons.htm and more specifically about the question above at the following link:

 http://www.abouttajweed.com/hamzah_al-wasl_7.htm

 

To answer your questions: 

 

1.  We do not put a vowel on  unless we are starting with the word after a stop.   If we are starting on any of these words in the question, which are all verbs, we look at the vowel of the third letter (we count as a letter) and if it is a kasrah or a , we start the word by putting a kasrah on the .  If the third letter of the verb is an original dhammah (meaning not a substituted dhammah, then we start with a dhammah on the .  If the dhammah is not an original dhammah, we start with a kasrah on the hamzah al-wasl. 

If however, we are joining the word before with the word starting with the , the is dropped in pronunciation and we read directly from the last letter of the previous word and its vowel if there is one, to the  saakinah that is the second letter in the words in the question. 

2.  To find the original words, you need to be able to put the word in the past tense singular form.  These words all originally start with , and this has become the second letter because the command form of the verb is being used and a hamzah wasl is often used in command forms.

3.  If you begin with the verb that has  followed by a you do the following two steps:

a.  Determine the correct vowel for the hamzah al-wasl and use it

b.  Change the into a lengthened saakin letter  (medd letter) of the same time as the vowel of .  If the hamzah al-wasl is determined to begin with a kasrah, then will change into a saakinah.  This is only when starting on the words, since it is only then that we have two hamzahs next to each other, the first voweled and the second saakinah, and whenever this occurs we employ rule.  Please also see: http://www.abouttajweed.com/new_page_8.htm

In the examples in the question, we would start the verb with  in the first example (surah al-Baqarah 283) with a dhammah when starting the word, and would change to a  saakinah.  The other verbs in the two other examples in the question would start with a kasrah and the second hamzah () then changes into a  saakinah.  The verb in the third example does not have an original dhammah, and that is the reason we begin with a kasrah.  Please also see: http://www.abouttajweed.com/hamzah_al-wasl_3.htm , http://www.abouttajweed.com/28100302.htm , http://www.abouttajweed.com/080802.htm

 

4.  The link: http://www.abouttajweed.com/hamzah_al-wasl_7.htm gives more examples in the Qur’an of this type of combination.

Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.

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