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Why do we add a noon when a silent letter has tanween or noon before it?
As salamualikum I was wondering why do we add a noon when a silent letter has tanween or noon. Before it. I will give an example
وقالت اليهود عزيرٌ ابن الله (Surah Tawbah, verse 30)
Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh
There is a general rule in the Arabic language that two saakin letters (non-voweled letters) cannot meet between two words. Saakin means the letter is pronounced without a vowel, it is not silent though.
A tanween, which is present on the word عزيرٌ is a noon saakinah, the word ابن which follows عزير has a sukoon on the باء which is the first pronounced letter of the word. To rid of the situation of two saakin letters being next to each other, the noon saakinah of the tanween acquires a kasrah. There is no extra letter, but the noon saakinah of the tanween acquires a incidental (temporary) vowel .
From a previously published question and answer we said the following:
Yes, there are rules for pronunciation of two saakin letters meeting, such as when the tanween ( saakinah) meets the saakin letter that follows the non-pronounced hamzah al-wasl when continuing reading. We only use the hamzah al-wasl when starting a word. If we are continuing reading, meaning not starting on the word beginning with hamzah al-wasl, it is ignored and we read directly the letter that follows it, which is always saakin.
A criticism of the musaahif printed in the Indo-Pakistan region and used widely is that they write in the vowel that is acquired on the tanween not on the tanween, but on the hamzah al-wasl with a small . This is not correct in that the hamzah al-wasl does not have a vowel and is not pronounced in this case and the that has acquired a vowel is the noon saakinah of the tanween. Since this is a temporary vowel and is due to the transient condition of a two non-voweled letters meeting, the Medinah Press Complex does not write in anything.
When two saakin letters meet, between two words, the first letter acquires a vowel to eliminate two saakin letters being pronounced after each other, something that is difficult. The rules for this can be found at the following link: http://www.abouttajweed.com/121003.htm
All the different rules for different combinations can be found at the above link. In the case of the tanween, the saakinah of the tanween acquires a temporary kasrah when followed by a saakin letter. Examples are as given in the question:
Please see the following link for more information: