8. The Single Hamzah
Warsh changes (makes of) the hamzah saakinah that is the first letter of the root of the word-meaning third person past tense singular- into a medd letter corresponding to the vowel on the letter preceding the hamzah. This requires knowledge of the Arabic language enough to derive a noun or conjugated verb into its root. An example is the word which has a hamzah saakinah. The root of this word is , with a hamzah as its first letter.
Warsh therefore changes the hamzah saakinah in the word into a lengthened (two vowel counts).
Exception: If the word in question comes from a derivative of the word then there is no for Warsh. Examples of words that are derivatives of are the words: , , and .
Warsh also changes the hamzah with a preceded by a dhammah into a (with an accompanying ) as in: , , and .
The three words: , , and are also read with of the hamzah in the recitation of Warsh. In all three of these words, the hamzah is changed into a lengthened .