Two Hamzahs Meeting Between Two Words-Part one
If two hamzahs meet between two words, i.e., the first hamzah is the last letter of the first word and the second hamzah is the first letter of the second word, there are different ways of reading the words depending on the vowels of the two different hamzahs. The recitation of Ibn Katheer is divided into the two raawee as far as rules when two hamzahs that meet between two words have the same vowels. Al-Bazee has the same rules as Qaloon, and Qunbul has the same rules as Warsh, for the most part (for Qunbul).
A. Two hamzahs with the same vowels
If the two hamzahs have the same exact vowel, as in: , , and then Al-Bazee changes the first hamzah depending on the vowel. If both hamzahs have a fath, as in then Al-Bazee drops the first hamzah completely when reading the two words together. The first word, if it has caused by the dropped hamzah, the medd is then is affected and there are two allowable ways of lengthening, the first which is the preferred, is dropping the four or five vowel count and only a two count medd remains on the alif. This reflects the dropped hamzah, which was the reason for the lengthening. The other allowable way is keeping the four vowel count, even though the hamzah is dropped, a reflection of the original hamzah.
If both hamzahs have a kasrah, such as in or a dhammah as in , then Al-Bazee reads the first hamzah with . There are two allowable lengthenings of the first word ,when reading the two words together if there is caused by the first hamzah, the preferred way is with the regular lengthening ofof four vowel counts, the second with , or shortening of the lengthening to two vowel counts, reflecting the changed hamzah.
In the words: in aayah 53 of surah Yusuf, Al-Bazee, as well as Qaloon have a second allowed way of reading the first hamzah of the two meeting hamzahs, when reading the two words in continuum. They change the hamzah in the word into a , then the two wows of the word merge (there is idghaam) with a shaddah and there is a kasrah on the.
If the two hamzahs have the same exact vowel, as in: then Qunbul just like Warsh, has two allowable ways of reading them:
1. Reading with of the second hamzah, meaning between a hazmah and between the medd letter that its vowel corresponds to. The first hamzah is read clearly (with ).
2. Reading with (change) of the second hamzah into a medd letter of the same type as the vowel on the first hamzah, meaning if the first hamzah has a , the second hamzah becomes an alif; if the first hamzah has a kasrah on it, the second hamzah becomes a ; if the first hamzah has a dhammah, the second hamzah becomes a wow.
NOTE: When reading with , if the letter following the changed hamzah (now a medd letter) is saakin, then there is a long medd of six vowel counts, such as in. , and .
If the the letter following the changed hamzah (now a medd letter) is voweled, then the medd letter is lengthened two vowel counts, such as in: