. The Big Merging –For the riwaayah of only
The riwaayah of is distinguished by the use of ....
The riwaayah of is distinguished by the use of , in that there are many times two voweled letters meet and are either , or and makes idhgaam of the first letter into the second. This means that the first letter which is voweled obtains a sukoon and merges into to the second letter, which of course is read with a shaddah on it as a result of the merging.
The big merging in two letters that are the same
A. In one word
There are only two occurrences of two of the same letters meeting and both are voweled in the same word in which the riwaayah of has idhgaam. These two words are:
(Al-Baqarah 200), and
(Al-Muddaththir 42), which are then read as: and respectively. All other occurrences of within one word are read without idghaam in the riwaayah of , and both letters are read with their written vowels.
B. Between two words
If two of the same letters meet between two words, and both are voweled, the general rule for the riwaayah of is idghaam. In all the below examples, idhgaam takes place with the two same letters. This is done by the first letter of the two same letters acquiring a sukoon and then merging into the second, which then is read with a shaddah.
In the above example, the medd al-silah is dropped when the idhgaam takes place.
The idhgaam takes place regardless whether there is a sukoon before the letter that is being merged into the second or not. If there is a medd letter before the first letter of the idhgaam, then there is lengthening of two, four, or six vowel counts and the reader’s length of ا determines how long this medd before the idhgaam al-kabeer is made. If a reader lengthens two vowel counts, then the medd letter before the ighaam is lengthened two vowel counts, if the reader lengthens ا four vowel counts, then the medd letter before the idhgaam al-kabeer is lengthened four vowel counts, etc.
There are conditions which must be met though, for an idhgaam to take place.
1. The two letters must meet in writing, meaning there should be no written letter in between them.
2. The first of the two same letters must not be a ta' denoting the first person, nor a تاء denoting the second person. If the first letter is one of these ta’, then there is no idhgaam, such as in:
3. The first of the two same letters (mithlayn ) must not have a tanween on it. If it does, no idhgaam of the two same letters takes place and instead the appropriate noon saakinah rule is applied. Examples of this are:
4. The first of the two same letters must not have a shaddah on it. If it does, then no idhgaam occurs. This can be exemplified in:
5.There is no idhgaam with the two kaaf in the two words because of the ikhfa’ of the noon saakinah before them.
There are places where two of the same letter meet between two words due to the last letter being dropped of the first word due to grammar, such as in: .
In cases like this, there are two allowed ways of reading the in the riwaayah of ; the first way is with and the second allowed way withإ . Other examples of this special case in which there are two allowed ways of reading are: and .
The next lesson will be of two lettesr which are or , Insha' Allah.