The definition of the saakinah: It is a free from any vowel, and which has a fixed sukoon when continuing reading and when stopping.
This excludes the that was originally without a vowel, but obtained one because the next letter also had a sukoon. In the Arabic language it is not allowed to have two non-voweled letters next to each other; one will automatically obtain a vowel to eliminate this problem.
The saakinah can be in the middle of a word or at the end of a word. It can be in a noun, a verb, or a preposition or particle.
Included in the saakinah rules is (the meem of plurality). A saakinah at the end of a word can sometimes, but not always indicate a plural, such as the possessive “their” or “your” or “them”, such as which means: for you plural, or , which means, “they have”.
The saakinah has three possible rules:
Its linguistic definition: hidden
Its applied definition: The pronunciation of a non-voweled letter, stripped of any “shaddah”, characterized as between clear
() and merged (), with the ghunnah remaining on the first letter, which is in this case the .
Its letters: It has one letter which is the.
If a is followed immediately by a , and this only occurs between two words, we then close our lips for the with an accompanying ghunnah. This is called . It is called because the has the characteristic of the , meaning in between and since the lips are close with the letter , then separate with the letter . It is called because the and is articulated from the two lips. A lip in Arabic is, but the word is also used for “oral”. could be translated as “oral concealment”.
The last letter of the second word of this aayah immediately above is a saakinah; the first letter of the next word is a therefore (oral hiding) rule is applied. The lips close on with the the sound is held with a ghunnah for the appropriate period of time, then the lips separate with the letter .
In this aayah, the last letter of the first word is a saakinah, and the first letter of the next word is a , so (oral hiding) rule is applied as explained above.
The next tidbit lesson will, insha’ Allah continue with the other saakinah rules.