Stopping with and What is Allowed With It
The definition of in applied tajweed is: An expression of circling the two lips, without a sound after pronouncing the last letter saakin, indicating a dhamm.
It is necessary that there be a space left between the two lips when executing . It is important that be after making a sukoon on the last letter, without relaxation. is seen visually and not heard audibly, which is why only one endowed with eyesight can perceive it. This is the opposite of which is heard, but has nothing to do with eyesight. is allowed after a dhammah of a conjugated word, and a fixed dhammah of a non-conjugated word, excluding all other vowels. It only is suitable for words that end in a dhammah since it consists of making a dhammah of the two lips. Sheikh Ash-Shaatibiyy, may Allah be Merciful to him, described in his prose, , as:
The only place in the Qur'an where is required by Hafs 'an 'Aasim by the way of Shatibiyyah is when reading the word with an idghaam of the two letter .
Other than this specific word (when reading with an idghaam) both and are simply allowed possible ways of stopping on words within the restrictions laid out for each of them. It is infrequent that a reciter uses these ways of stopping in normal recitation of Hafs 'an 'Aasim. Both of these ways of stopping need to be learned from and practiced in front of a qualified teacher of the Qur'an. These two ways of stopping are used more frequently in the qira'aat to make clear the vowel on the last letter recited if it is a conjugated or fixed dhammah for both or or a conjugated or fixed kasrah for only. Students of ijaazah in the recitation of Hafs 'an 'Aasim would be required on request by the certified sheikh giving the ijaazah, to stop on appropriate words with these two allowable ways to make certain that the student of ijaazah is accomplished in stopping with these two ways as well as knowledgeable of the vowel on the last letter of the word stopped on. The normal and by far the most common way of stopping on the end of a word is with the pure sukoon (), which will be explained in the next few tidbit lessons, insha' Allah.