In the last tidbit lesson, now located in the tidbit archives area, the subject of the stop was introduced. We stated that there were three categories of stop, and only one of these categories is under the reader's control, and this is the category that will be discussed over the next few tidbit lessons, the optional stop, or . We stated that the optional stop, has four divisions, the first being the complete stop, or, which will be discussed this lesson.
The Complete Stop
Its definition: It is the stop on a Qur'anic word complete in meaning and not attached to what follows it in grammatical expression or in meaning. If something is attached in meaning, it means that the preceding and following words are attached in meaning, but not necessarily attached in grammatical structure. This category of stop is usually found at the end of an ayah, and at the completion of stories in the Glorious Qur’an. This is exemplified in stopping on the aayah:
"Sovereign of the Day of Recompense." and then starting with Allah’s words:
"It is You we worship and You we ask for help."
The first subject of praising Allah, the Exalted, is finished with the end of aayah four, and aayah five starts a new subject and dua'.
Another example is when stopping on , at the end of aayah five of surah al-Baqarah.
then starting with the next aayah: "Those are upon [right] guidance from their Lord, and it is those who are the successful. * Indeed, those who disbelieve…."
This is because the word " (successful) is attached to what preceded it as to the characteristics of the believers, and what follows is separate from it, attached to the state of the disbelievers.
Sometimes the scholars differ as to where in an aayah there is , depending on their varied opinions of the tafseer of the verse as well as grammar analysis. The study of the stop is not a black and white area of study, unlike other areas of tajweed.
The rule for the complete stop (): It is best to stop on the word that is a complete stop, and then start on what follows it.