The Meeting of a hamzah qata' and hamzah wasl in one word
Continuation of: Case 2 The Questioning hamzah al-qata' preceding hamzah al-wasl
When a hamzah qata’ () indicating a question )) enters a noun that has the definite article "alif laam at-ta'reef" attached at the beginning of it, the hamzah wasl is undergoes changes, so that the questioning hamzah can be distinguished from the hamzah wasl of the alif laam at-ta'reef. Without a change in the hamzah al-wasl, it would be impossible to determine whether there was a question before the or not, since we begin nouns that have in front of them with a fat-h and the of questioning also begins with a fat-h. The hamzah wasl would normally not be pronounced at all during continuous reading. When this questioning hamzah qata’ is present before a noun starting with , the hamzah al-wasl is changed either one of the two following states. Both of these ways of recitation are allowed in the recitation of
(Hafs 'an 'Aasim min tareeq Ash-Shaatibiyyah).
1. A lengthened alif –This is called (ibdaal)
2. An “eased” hamzah-This is called (tas-heel)
The first way:
Its definition: When a hamzah indicating a question () enters a noun that has the definite article "" , the hamzah al-wasl of is changed into an lengthened alif which is lengthened six counts. This lengthening is six vowel counts due to the sukoon on the lam after the long alif. The medd is and is either "heavy" ( ) when followed by a shaddah, or "light () when there is a simple sukoon after the long alif.
The second way:
When a hamzah indicating a question ( ) enters a noun that has the definite article the hamzah al-wasl, is pronounced but “eased” so that it is between a hamzah and an alif, with absolutely no medd.
Occurrences: This lengthening occurs in three words in six places in the Qur’an.
The three words are:
The aayaat in which this occurs in are as follows:
To listen to the word, with ibdaal, ( ) click here.
To listen to the word, with tas-heel () click here.
A reminder, all of these three words in the six different aayaat shown above can be read with either or , the two different examples are just examples of two different words each read a different way; these same words can be read the other way, in the way we read: Hafs 'an 'Aasim min tareeq Ash-Shaatibiyyah.
Repeating again, the reason for the need of the hamzah wasl to be used, but changed, is that without the questioning hamzah, the word would be started with a fat-h on the hamzah al-wasl. The questioning hamzah qata' has a fat-h on it, and without using and changing the hamzah wasl, the listener would not be aware that there was a question. This is because the word would sound the same with or without the question hamzah qata' if there was no change in the hamzah wasl.