|Hamzah al-Wasl Lesson 5|
Hamzah Al-Wasl in Irregular Nouns
Last tidbit, we discussed that nouns that have hamzah al-wasl as the first letter are all started with a kasrah. The last lesson explained hamzah al-wasl in regular nouns; this lesson will describe the different irregular nouns that start with hamzah al-wasl. Again, these nouns also will have a kasrah on the hamzah al-wasl when beginning on these words. If however, we are reading these words in continuum with that which precedes it, we drop the hamzah al-wasl in pronunciation.
The irregular hamzah al-wasl is found in ten specific nouns in the Arabic language, only seven of these are found in the Holy Qur’an. Theses irregular nouns starting with hamzah al-wasl found in the Holy Qur’an are:
Examples of .
Examples of in the three different grammatical forms (marfoo', mansoob, or majroor)
Examples of :
It can be found written with a as in: as the last letter, or with the
Example of :
Examples of (two). It can be found conjugated with an alif and with or without a noon (, ), or with a ya’ with or without a noon (, ).
Examples of , which is the female form of . This can be conjugated the same ways as "" described above.
The other three nouns that start with that are NOT found in the Qur’an are:
Note: The word found in aayah 11 of surah al-Hujuraat can be started two different ways:
1. It can be started with a with a fat-h on it, followed by a kasrah of the lam: " "
2. It can be started with without the hamzah-t al-wasl that precedes it: "". Both ways are accepted. The second way is permitted since the has a presented vowel, and there is no longer a saakin letter after the hamzah al-wasl, so it is not necessary to start with the hamzah al-wasl.
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